Essay for SSC CGL Descriptive examination on Education system in India and New Education Policy 2020
Nelson Mandela once said that “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
History of Indian Education System
In India we got the reference of Education system from “Ramayana” and “Mahabharata” period. When Indian had a unique education system where “Guru” (Teachers) used to teach their “shishya” (Students) in “Gurukul” (Schools).
“Gurukuls” were the place where both Guru and shishya used to live under one roof which were “Gurukul” and Guru used to Impart education to their shishya and shishya used to help their Guru in daily routine work.
Later on Big universities emerged as centre of education like “Nalanda”, “Vikramshila”, “Takshila” etc. Nalanda is the oldest university of India. Students from different part of the world used to came to India to get admission in Nalanda University. Famous Chinese travellers “Hieun Tsang” also did his research in Nalanda University during his visit to India.
Modern Education System
Before Independence education system in India was introduced during British rule. Lord Macaulay introduced the Education policy for India. With the introduction of education policy use of traditional language like Sanskrit, Hindi, Urdu etc became less. English became important language for administrative purposes.
The modern education policy also gave focus on Examination at frequent intervals. Examination were conducted to check the understanding of the Students over the subjects. Not students started to memorising the concept rather than understanding them.
Education Policy after Independence
After Independence education came under Concurrent list of constitution of India. It means both State and Central government can make law on it.
But higher education became responsibility of union Government.
Important Policies on education
- National education policy 1968 (Kothari commission)
- National Policy on Education 1986/1992
- New Education policy 2020
Some Institutes were also established like
NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) at National level
SCERT (State Council of Educational Research and Training)) at State level were established to maintain the standard of education.
Further UGC (University Grants Commission) was also established to monitor the standard of higher education.
School system in India
Modern school system of education consist 10+2 education system. According to this system schools are devided into following levels.
- primary education,
- secondary education,
- senior secondary education and
- Higher education
New Education Policy 2020
New education policy 2020 will replace the current education system of 10+2 policy. According to new education policy 5+3+3+4 system will be implemented in education system.
Important features of New education policy is as follows:-
Foundation Stage:- (Age 3 to 8 years)
5 years total (3+2)
3 years of Pre-Primary school
2 years of Class 1st and 2nd
Preparatory stage:- (Age 8 to 11 years)
Total 3 years
class 3 to 5
Middle Age:- (Age 11 to 14 years)
Total 3 years
class 6 to 8
Secondary stage:- (Age 14 to 18 years)
Total 4 years
class 9 to 12
Important points of New Education Policy
- No more streams like science, commerce, Arts:- Now students can choose subjects of his own choices.
- 10+2 system will replace 5+3+3+4
- 6% of GDP will be spent on Education which is currently 3%.